The institute, founded in 1980, has become an important research, development and education base in this field in China. The number and variety of low energy accelerators and experimental terminals are No. 1 among institutes in the universities. It’s the key laboratory for radiation physics and technology of Education Ministry, branch of virtual research center of nuclear science and technology of Education Ministry. It has special professor position of Changjiang scholarship. The major researches in fundamental and applied areas are radiation physics and medical physics, atomic, molecular collision and cluster physics, isotope and radiation biological technology, material surface modification by particle beams, radiation processing of polymer, nuclear monitor and control technology, nuclear data measurement and evaluation,. In the meantime, the institute is responsible for the training of Ph. D. and master students in these fields; has achieved quite a lot of influencing research results, established wide cooperative relations domestically and internationally. For example, the institute is doing research and development in three-dimension treatment planning system in radiation therapy, medical and industrial radioactive isotope production, Chinese herbal pharmacology research using isotope technology, X-ray analysis technology, autocontrol system based on computer technology, preparation of supper hard materials, polymer material radiation processing.